What are the Local Risks?
We have identified the following risks as a priority for the
South Wales Police area. This does not mean they will happen; only
that we know it is a possibility and we have made arrangements to
reduce its impact on the community and environment.
Coastal Pollution and Seaborne Incidents
The Maritime and Coastguard Agency has well practised plans, including all the relevant emergency services, for both major and minor pollution incidents. There are also procedures for handling vessels that are involved in accidents.
A flu pandemic occurs when a new influenza virus emerges and spreads around the world. As it is a new type of flu, most people do not have immunity meaning it can spread more easily.
Certain industrial activities involving dangerous substances have the potential to cause accidents. Some of these accidents may cause serious injuries to people or damage to the environment. Much has been done to help prevent industrial accidents and to minimise their effects.
Animal diseases can have a large economic and social effect on the United Kingdom. Diseases can be classed as endemic (prevalent in the UK) or exotic (not currently present in the UK), they can also be notifiable. Notifiable animal diseases are required by law to be reported to the Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency to investigate further.
Loss of Utilities
Utilities includes all of the different essential services that we rely on as part of day to day life and the economy - electricity, water, gas, oil fuel, transport, telecommunications, food, health and financial services.
Severe weather can take many different forms such as heavy rain, snow, strong winds and extreme temperatures, both heat waves and cold snaps. It can cause significant disruption to normal life.
There are three main sources of flooding: coastal, river and surface water. Of these, coastal flooding has the potential to have the greatest impact. Excessive tidal levels may cause coastal and estuary defences to be overtopped or breached.